According to the American College of Surgeons Health Policy Research Institute, one in five practicing physicians in the United States is a surgeon, and general surgeons are one of the largest surgical specialties. General surgeons are more common than any other surgical specialty except obstetrics and gynecology.
Education in general surgery is at the core of every surgical specialty. Some specialties even require that a surgeon become certified in general surgery before going on for training in a specialty. General surgeons need four years of college, four years of medical school, and a minimum of five years in residency. They must be licensed in all states, and many are also board-certified. Some might also have training in a particular area of surgery even though they are not certified in that area.
The surgeries that a general surgeon performs can include almost any organ or body system, according to the American Board of Surgery. General surgery residency training covers the abdomen and its contents; breast, skin, and soft tissue; pediatric surgery; head and neck surgery; burn treatment; and vascular surgery. In addition to surgery, a general surgeon must be able to assess and treat trauma, soft tissue wounds, cysts, abscesses, abdominal wall hernias, breast conditions, varicose veins and peptic ulcers. Required knowledge for a general surgeon includes the basics of anatomy, physiology, and pathology, as well as how wounds heal, fluid management, treatment of shock, resuscitation, and the management of postoperative pain.
Other surgeries that a general surgeon commonly performs include gall bladder removals, hernia repairs, tumor excisions, and gastric-bypass surgery. Most general surgeons use both conventional techniques and laparoscopy — a minimally invasive surgical technique that uses a flexible tube with a light on the end and miniaturized surgical instruments. Dr. Johnson takes technology one step further by being board certified in minimally invasive, virtually scar-free robotic surgery as well.
Read more online at: http://absurgery.org/default.jsp?aboutsurgerydefined