Month: December 2016

About Colon Cancer


Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), the lower part of the digestive system. Rectal cancer is cancer of the last several inches of the colon. Together, they’re often referred to as colorectal cancers.

Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Over time some of these polyps become cancerous. Polyps may be small and produce few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent cancer of colon by identifying polyps before they become colon cancer.

Signs and symptoms of this type of cancer include:

A change in bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of the stool
Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
Persistent abdominal discomfort such as cramps, gas, or pain
A feeling that the bowel doesn’t empty completely
Weakness or fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they’ll likely vary, depending on the cancer’s size and location in the large intestine.

If the symptoms of colon cancer are appearing, such as blood in the stool or a persistent change in bowel habits, make an appointment with your doctor. Talk to them about when to begin screening for colon cancer. Guidelines generally recommend cancer screenings begin at age 50. A doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier screening if there are other risk factors, such as a family history of the disease.

In most cases, it’s not clear what causes colon cancer. Doctors know that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the colon become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep the body functioning normally, but when a cell is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide — even when new cells aren’t needed. These cancer cells can invade and destroy normal tissue nearby, and can travel to other parts of the body.

By Khrystyana Kirton
Edited by Stephanie Dawson
Reviewed by Nima Shei MD

Signs & Symptoms of A Hernia


Any unnatural bulge on your body is troubling, and when it’s a painful hernia, you want to know how to treat it. Anyone can develop a hernia, from infants to adults. A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through a portion of muscle or other tissue that’s weak, most often somewhere in the abdominal area. Surgery can treat most types of hernia, though some hernias may heal with time and lifestyle changes, depending on the type. Types of hernias include inguinal hernia, femoral hernia, epigastric hernia, umbilical hernia, incisional hernia, hiatal hernia, and rectal hernia.

What Is an Inguinal Hernia?


An inguinal hernia occurs in the groin area when fatty or intestinal tissues push through the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal resides at the base of the abdomen. Both men and woman have an inguinal canal. In men, the testes usually descend through this canal shortly before birth. In women, the canal is the location for the uterine ligament. If you have a hernia in this passage, it results in a protruding bulge that may be painful during movement.

Many people don’t seek treatment for this type of hernia because it may not cause any symptoms. Prompt medical treatment can help prevent further protrusion and discomfort.

From Healthline, Written by Kristeen Moore